“Catalonia: right for self-determination vs disruption of unity”

Although Catalonia was first established as a separate entity in 11th century, it has also been a part of Spain since its emergence in the 15th century. Prior to nationalist uprising in the 19th century, Catalonia was tightly integrated with the Spanish state. Strong campaigning for political and cultural autonomy eventually led to broad autonomy in 1931, but Franco’s ultra-conservative rule entirely revoked previous developments in the region. The democratization of Spain in 1977 accompanied the resurgence of extensive autonomy, leading to the present-day establishment of the parliament and executive institutions.


Eurosceptic Party Wins Poland’s Election

Just a little over a week ago, the Polish electorate chose a new national parliament. The conservative Law and Justice party (PiS) secured both the presidency and the majority of seats, with voting results marking the first time in Poland’s post-communist history that no left-wing parties were elected to the parliament. Due to German-Polish disagreement…

Lukashenko’s 5th Landslide Victory in a Row

The Republic of Belarus recently held its fifth presidential election in 21 years. Authoritarian president Alexander Lukashenko – famously dubbed the last dictator in Europe – retained power with a landslide 83,5% of the vote. The EU followed with a lifting of sanctions against Lukoshenko’s regime, despite claims from various observers that the ballot was flawed. European…