“Catalonia: right for self-determination vs disruption of unity”

Although Catalonia was first established as a separate entity in 11th century, it has also been a part of Spain since its emergence in the 15th century. Prior to nationalist uprising in the 19th century, Catalonia was tightly integrated with the Spanish state. Strong campaigning for political and cultural autonomy eventually led to broad autonomy in 1931, but Franco’s ultra-conservative rule entirely revoked previous developments in the region. The democratization of Spain in 1977 accompanied the resurgence of extensive autonomy, leading to the present-day establishment of the parliament and executive institutions.